Effects of allopurinol on smoke inhalation in the ovine model

S. Y. Ahn, K. Sugi, P. Talke, J. L. Theissen, H. A. Linares, L. D. Traber, D. N. Herndon, D. L. Traber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We hypothesized that the pulmonary damage induced by smoke inhalation is the result of ischemic reperfusion injury. We determined the effect of allopurinol (xanthine oxidase inhibitor) on the pulmonary microvascular fluid flux in an ovine model after inhalation of cotton smoke (n = 13) and compared these data with those from untreated similarly smoke-injured (n = 7), as well as sham- (air, n = 9) smoked, animals and sheep given an equivalent dose of CO (n = 7). Smoke injury resulted in an increased lung lymph flow, lymph-to-plasma protein ratio, lung content of polymorphonuclear cells, and extravascular lung water (gravametric), in addition to histological evidence of tissue (pulmonary) edema and destruction. No significant difference was found in these variables between the sheep that were injured with smoke whether or not they were pretreated with allopurinol. The sham-smoked and CO-insufflated animals showed no significant changes in cardiopulmonary function or morphology. We conclude that there are few data to support a role of ischemic reperfusion injury in the pulmonary damage seen after smoke inhalation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-234
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990


  • lung lymph
  • pulmonary
  • sheep
  • xanthine oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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