Effectiveness of an intervention to increase Pap test screening among chinese women in Taiwan

Su I. Hou, Maria E. Fernandez, Elizabeth Baumler, Guy S. Parcel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study assessed the effectiveness of a theory-based direct mail campaign in encouraging non-compliant women, aged 30 and older or younger if married, to obtain a Pap test. Participants were female family members of inpatients admitted to one of the major teaching hospitals in Taiwan during August-September 1999. A total of 424 women were recruited in the randomized intervention trial. Three months following implementation of the intervention, women in the intervention group reported a higher rate of Pap test screening than women in the comparison group (50% versus 32%) (p = 0.002). Women in the intervention group also showed higher perceived pros of a Pap test at follow-up (p = 0.031). Although women in both groups showed an increased knowledge and intention to obtain a Pap, only the intervention group had significantly higher follow-up scores on perceived pros and susceptibility. The results shows that the intervention was effective in increasing Pap test screening among Chinese women within three months. The results also support the use of Intervention Mapping, a systematic program development framework for planning effective interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-290
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese women
  • Intervention mapping
  • Pap test screening
  • Program evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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