Disparities in screening mammography utilization among Hispanic women in rural Texas from 2002 to 2018

Zhaoli Liu, Yong Fang Kuo, Sharon H. Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the trends of racial/ethnic and urban–rural disparities in screening mammography use with a focus on Hispanic women in rural Texas, as well as to further investigate barriers to mammography screening practices. Methods: A serial cross-sectional study was conducted on screening mammography including eligible female respondents (≥ 40 years) from the Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey from 2002 to 2018. Findings: Weighted descriptive analyses showed persistent racial/ethnic and urban–rural disparities in mammography screening rates among eligible women (≥ 40 years) in Texas. Overall, the mammography screening rates for women in rural areas were significantly lower than women in urban areas with a mean rate of 64.09% versus 70.89% (p < 0.001). Rural Hispanic women had the lowest mean mammography screening rate (55.98%) among all eligible women which is 16.27% below the mean mammography screening rate of non-Hispanic white women in urban areas. Weighted logistic regression model revealed that women with no health insurance or primary care providers were 52% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.36–0.63, p < 0.001) or 54% (95% CI 0.35–0.6, p < 0.001) less likely having an up-to-date mammography screening compared with women with health insurance or primary care providers, respectively. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated significant and persistent racial and urban–rural disparities in screening mammography utilization among Hispanic women compared with non-Hispanic white women from 2002 to 2018. Healthcare access is a major contributor to these disparities. It highlights the need for wide-scale interventions from public health and policymakers targeting under screened racial minorities and rural regions population to promote screening mammography services among disadvantaged population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)963-971
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Breast cancer screening
  • Mammography
  • Racial disparity
  • Urban–rural disparity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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