Development of a new technique for recovery of cytokines from inflammatory sites in situ

Rafeul Alam, Tommy C. Sim, Kimberley Hilsmeier, J. Andrew Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


We attempted to recover cytokines from nasal mucosal surface following allergen challenge. Repeated lavage of nasal mucosa of seven allergic patients was done, but we failed to detect IL-1β in the lavage samples even in ten-fold concentrated materials. Therefore, we developed a new technique to recover cytokines using filter strips. Small filter strips were placed on nasal turbinates for 10 min at different time points after allergen challenge. The strips were air-dried, and stored. For recovery of cytokines individual strips were washed with small volumes of Hepes buffer containing 0.3% human serum albumin. Eluates were assayed for the presence of IL-1β and GM-CSF using commercially available ELISA. We were able to detect IL-1β and GM-CSF in eluates. Both cytokines were consistently detectable in the late phase allergic reaction peaking at 5 h. Nasal challenge with saline failed to detect any cytokine during the 7 h observation period. In standardization experiments known quantities of IL-1β and GM-CSF were applied to filter strips and the recovery ranged from 67 to 89%. Thus, we developed a simple technique of recovery of cytokines from inflammatory mucosa in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-29
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 19 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytokine
  • Filter strip
  • Late phase allergic reaction
  • Nasal mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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