Determinants of retirement of formal and informal sector workers in Mexico: the role of health and economic security

Zeewan Lee, Emma Aguila, Rebeca Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. We examine the socioeconomic and health drivers of retirement decisions and compare these determinants between formal and informal sector workers in Mexico. Materials and methods. Using data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study 2012 and 2015, we estimate conditional probit models of retirement using sociodemographic, health, health care utilization, health insurance, private pensions, and social security systems covariates. The Institutional Review Board at the University of Southern California reviewed and approved the research (IRB # UP-15-00023). Results. We find that the social security systems are an important determinant for retirement age for formal sector workers. The informal sector workers, who lack access to retirement benefits of the social security system, make retirement decisions mainly based on health and access to health insurance through social security. Conclusion. Despite the lack of access to social security benefits, informal sector workers do not respond strongly to socioeconomic factors in determining the timing of retirement. Strengthening access to better health care services could improve health, extend working lives, and promote healthy aging for workers in the informal sector.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-445
Number of pages12
JournalSalud publica de Mexico
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2023


  • MHAS
  • Mexicans
  • Mexico
  • aging
  • economics
  • informal sector
  • retirement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Determinants of retirement of formal and informal sector workers in Mexico: the role of health and economic security'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this