Description of the Foundations of C.A.T.E.S. AnInstrument in Development

Leigh Ann Cates

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Creating an instrument for use in simulation for high-stakes evaluations requires multiple stages of research and development. Initially, the journey begins with the development of an intended construct and later progresses into a tool which produces valid and reliable results worthy of use in high-stakes evaluations. This article describes the initial groundwork completed for C.A.T.E.S., an instrument in development for the evaluation of multidimensional competency of neonatal nurse practitioners. The significance and background as well as a brief review of literature and definitions of competency are included. Current methods of competency evaluation in nursing and specifically for neonatal nurse practitioners are reviewed. The theoretical framework for C.A.T.E.S. is analyzed, and the implications for future research are detailed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-502
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Simulation in Nursing
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • Assessment
  • Behavioral
  • C.A.T.E.S.
  • Cognitive
  • Competency
  • Education
  • Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs)
  • Simulation
  • Technical
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Education
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Description of the Foundations of C.A.T.E.S. AnInstrument in Development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this