Current understanding of autophagy in pregnancy

Akitoshi Nakashima, Sayaka Tsuda, Tae Kusabiraki, Aiko Aoki, Akemi Ushijima, Tomoko Shima, Shi Bin Cheng, Surendra Sharma, Shigeru Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process in eukaryotes to maintain cellular homeostasis under environmental stress. Intracellular control is exerted to produce energy or maintain intracellular protein quality controls. Autophagy plays an important role in embryogenesis, implantation, and maintenance of pregnancy. This role includes supporting extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) that invade the decidua (endometrium) until the first third of uterine myometrium and migrate along the lumina of spiral arterioles under hypoxic and low-nutrient conditions in early pregnancy. In addition, autophagy inhibition has been linked to poor placentation-a feature of preeclamptic placentas-in a placenta-specific autophagy knockout mouse model. Studies of autophagy in human placentas have revealed controversial results, especially with regard to preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Without precise estimation of autophagy flux, wrong interpretation would lead to fixed tissues. This paper presents a review of the role of autophagy in pregnancy and elaborates on the interpretation of autophagy in human placental tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2342
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atg7
  • Autophagy
  • Lysosomes
  • P62/SQSTM1
  • Placenta
  • Preeclampsia
  • Protein aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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