Correlates of depressive symptomatology among older community-dwelling mexican americans: The hispanic EPESE

Sandra A. Black, Kyriakos S. Markides, Todd Q. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Scopus citations


Objectives. The prevalence of depressive symptoms and associated risk factors is described, using data from the Hispanic EPESE, the first large, representative study of older Mexican Americans. Methods. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between depressive symptoms and sociodemographics, chronic health conditions, disability, and cultural factors. Results. Using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression scale, 25.6% of the 2,823 subjects reported high symptom levels. Rates among women (31.9%) and particularly men (17.3%) were higher than has been typically reported for older Mexican Americans and older adults in general. Consistent with previous studies of older adults, gender, lack of insurance, financial strain, chronic health conditions, and disability were found to be associated with depressive symptoms. Several cultural factors were also associated with increased risk, including immigrant status, levels of acculturation and assimilation, health locus of control, and recency of immigration. An interaction between gender and immigrant status was found such that, in relation to subjects born in the United States, female immigrants were at significantly higher risk for depressive symptoms, whereas male immigrants were at lower risk. Discussion. Our findings suggest that the increased prevalence can be attributed to higher rates of sociodemographic risk factors and functional disability, coupled with cultural factors and chronic medical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S198-S208
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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