Correlates of cervical cancer screening among women in Taiwan

Su I. Hou, Maria E. Fernandez, Elizabeth Baumler, Guy S. Parcel, Pai Ho Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study we examine several theory-based psychosocial factors on cervical cancer screening among Chinese women in Taiwan (N = 125). The reliabilities of the scales showed good internal consistence (Chronbach alpha ranged from 0.68 to 0.88). We found that 30% of the women had never received a Papanicolaou (Pap) test, and only 58% reported a screening in the past 3 years (adherent). Intention to have a Pap test in the coming year was higher among screening adherence women (90%) than nonadherents (58%). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between screening adherence and women's knowledge (p = 0.034), perceived pros (p = 0.041), cons (p = 0.000), and norms (p = 0.019) of a Pap test. In addition to identifying screening associated factors, we also provided a basis for measuring important theory-based constructs. Although we developed some scale items for Chinese culture, data showed that psychosocial factors were universally relevant. Future intervention efforts tailoring these factors could potentially impact cancer screening for women internationally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-398
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Health Professions


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