Comparing the Effectiveness of Glucocorticoids in Preventing Hypertrophic Scar Diagnosis in Burn Patients

Alejandro Joglar, Juquan Song, George Golovko, Jayson Jay, Steven Wolf, Amina El Ayadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The prevalence of hypertrophic scarring after a burn is approximately 70%. Despite advances in burn management, there is currently no gold standard treatment to reduce or prevent its occurrence. Glucocorticoids are frequently given to patients early after burns for other therapeutic purposes and have been shown to induce scar regression. Therefore, the purpose of the present work is to determine the incidence of hypertrophic scar diagnosis in burn patients who were administered glucocorticoid treatment using TriNetX, a large patient database. Materials and Methods: Patients diagnosed with hypertrophic scarring, hypertrophic disorders of the skin, or scar conditions and fibrosis of the skin after burn injury were identified in the TriNetX database. The glucocorticoids investigated include hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, dexamethasone, triamcinolone, and prednisone. Patients were stratified into three groups based on total body surface area (TBSA) burned: 0–19%, 20–39%, and 40–100%. The risk ratio was evaluated for burn patients who received varying glucocorticoids after injury based on TBSA burned. Additionally, treatment pathways, time of treatment, and treatment purity pathways were evaluated. Results: In patients with a 0–19% TBSA burn, methylprednisolone showed a decreased risk of developing hypertrophic scar diagnosis. In those with a 20–39% TBSA burn or 40–100% TBSA burn, dexamethasone showed an increased risk of developing hypertrophic scar diagnosis. Additionally, dexamethasone was the most commonly administered glucocorticoid for burn patients and was most likely to be administered earlier after burn injury, comparatively. Conclusions: Methylprednisolone was associated with reduced hypertrophic scar diagnosis in burn patients independent of TBSA burn. While glucocorticoids are one of the mainstay treatments for hypertrophic scarring, further studies are needed to determine early therapeutic interventions that will reduce the potential for hypertrophic scar development in burn patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1970
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • TriNetX
  • burn
  • burn patients
  • glucocorticoid
  • hypertrophic scar
  • hypertrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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