Characteristics of filoviridae: Marburg and Ebola viruses

Brigitte Beer, Reinhard Kurth, Alexander Bukreyev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Filoviruses are enveloped, nonsegmented negative-stranded RNA viruses. The two species, Marburg and Ebola virus, are serologically, biochemically, and genetically distinct. Marburg virus was first isolated during an outbreak in Europe in 1967, and Ebola virus emerged in 1976 as the causative agent of two simultaneous outbreaks in southern Sudan and northern Zaire. Although the main route of infection is known to be person-to-person transmission by intimate contact, the natural reservoir for filoviruses still remains a mystery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-17
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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