Case series of 64 slice computed tomographycomputed tomographic angiography with 3D reconstruction to diagnose symptomatic cerebral aneurysms: New standard of care?

Dietrich Jehle, Floria Chae, Jonathan Wai, Sam Cloud, David Pierce, Michael Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CT angiography (CTA) has improved significantly over the past few years such that the reconstructed images of the cerebral arteries may now be equivalent to conventional digital angiography. The new technology of 64 slice multi-detector CTA can reconstruct detailed images that can reliably identify small cerebral aneurysms, even those <3mm. In addition, it is estimated that CT followed by lumbar puncture (LP) misses up to 4% of symptomatic aneurysms. We present a series of cases that illustrates how CT followed by CTA may be replacing CT-LP as the standard of care in working up patients for symptomatic cerebral aneurysms and the importance of performing three dimensional (3D) reconstructions. A series of seven cases of symptomatic cerebral aneurysms were identified that illustrate the sensitivity of CT-CTA versus CT-LP and the importance of 3D reconstruction in identifying these aneurysms. Surgical treatment was recommended for 6 of the 7 patients with aneurysms and strict hypertension control was recommended for the seventh patient. Some of these patients demonstrated subarachnoid hemorrhage on presentation while others had negative LPs. A number of these patients with negative LPs were clearly symptomatic from their aneurysms. At least one of these cerebral aneurysms was not apparent on CTA without 3D reconstruction. 3D reconstruction of CTA is crucial to adequately identify cerebral aneurysms. This case series helps reinforce the importance of 3D reconstruction. There is some data to suggest that 64 slice CT-CTA may be equivalent or superior to CT-LP in the detection of symptomatic cerebral aneurysms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-8
Number of pages5
JournalNeurology International
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute onset headache
  • Computed tomographic angiography
  • Computed tomography
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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