Basal Plate Myofibers and the Risk of Placenta Accreta Spectrum in the Subsequent Pregnancy: A Large Single-Center Cohort

Hadi Erfani, Kamran Hessami, Bahram Salmanian, Eumenia C. Castro, Rachel Kopkin, Jonathan L. Hecht, Soumya Gogia, Josef N. Jackson, Elaine Dong, Karin A. Fox, McKenna Gessner, Mary E. Fang, Scott A. Shainker, Mariana D. Baroni, Anna M. Modest, Amir A. Shamshirsaz, Ahmed A. Nassr, Jimmy Espinoza, Kjersti M. Aagaard, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective We aimed to evaluate whether there is a significant association between a placental pathology diagnosis basal plate myofibers (BPMF) in an index pregnancy with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) in the subsequent pregnancy. Study Design We conducted a retrospective nested cohort study of all cases with a histopathological finding of BPMF between August 2012 and March 2020 at a single tertiary referral center. Data were collected for all subjects (cases and controls) with at least two consecutive pregnancies (the initial index pregnancy and at least one subsequent pregnancy) accompanied by a concomitant record of histopathological study of the placenta at our center. The primary outcome was pathologically confirmed PAS in the subsequent pregnancy. Data are presented as percentage or median, interquartile range accordingly. Results A total of n = 1,344 participants were included, of which n = 119 (index cases) carried a contemporaneous histopathological diagnosis of BPMF during the index pregnancy and n = 1,225 did not (index controls). Among the index cases, patients with BPMF were older (31.0 [20, 42] vs. 29.0 [15, 43], p < 0.001), more likely to have undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) for conception (10.9 vs. 3.8%, p = 0.001) and were of a more advanced gestational age at delivery (39.0 [25, 41] vs. 38.0 [20, 42], p = 0.006). In the subsequent pregnancy, the rate of PAS was significantly higher among the BPMF index cases (6.7 vs. 1.1%, p < 0.001). After adjusting for maternal age and IVF, a histopathological diagnosis of BPMF in an index pregnancy was shown to be a significant risk factor for PAS in the subsequent gestation (hazard ratio: 5.67 [95% confidence interval: 2.28, 14.06], p < 0.001). Conclusion Our findings support that a histopathological diagnosis of BPMF is an independent risk factor for PAS in the subsequent pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2286-E2290
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
StatePublished - May 28 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • basal plate myofibers
  • microscopic placenta accreta
  • morbid adherent
  • placenta accreta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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