Barriers, strategies, and lessons learned from complementary and alternative medicine curricular initiatives

Victor S. Sierpina, Ronald Schneeweiss, Moshe A. Frenkel, Robert Bulik, Jack Maypole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Fifteen U.S. academic programs were the recipients of a National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine R25 Education Grant Program to introduce curricular changes in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in their institutions. The authors describe the lessons learned during the implementation of these CAM education initiatives. Principal investigators identified these lessons along with discovered barriers and strategies, both those traditionally related to medical and nursing education and those unique to CAM education. Many lessons, barriers, and strategies were common across multiple institutions. Most significant among the barriers were issues such as the resistance by faculty; the curriculum being perceived as too full; presenting CAM content in an evidence-based and even-handed way; providing useful, reliable resources; and developing teaching and assessment tools. Strategies included integration into existing curriculum; creating increased visibility of the curriculum; placing efforts into faculty development; cultivating and nurturing leadership at all levels in the organization, including among students, faculty, and administration; providing access to CAM-related databases through libraries; and fostering efforts to maintain sustainability of newly established CAM curricular elements through institutionalization and embedment into overall educational activities. These lessons, along with some detail on barriers and strategies, are reported and summarized here with the goal that they will be of practical use to other institutions embarking on new CAM education initiatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)946-950
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Barriers, strategies, and lessons learned from complementary and alternative medicine curricular initiatives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this