Attenuation of 4-hydroxynonenal-induced cataractogenesis in rat lens by butylated hydroxytoluene

Sanjay K. Srivastava, Sanjay Awasthi, Lifei Wang, Aruni Bhatnagar, Yogesh C. Awasthi, Naseem H. Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose. We have previously shown that 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) causes opacification of cultured rat lenses and that a novel group of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) exhibit high specific activity towards 4-HNE. Previous studies have shown that t-butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT) induced GSTs in cultured rat lens. Therefore, the purpose of the present studies was to investigate if the opacification of rat lenses exposed to 4-HNE is ameliorated by pre-culturing the lenses in media containing BHT. Methods. Rat lenses were divided into four groups. Groups I and II were controls and groups III and IV were cultured in the presence of 100 uM 4-HNE. Groups II and IV were pre-cultured in the media containing 10 uM BHT for 24 hrs which was designated as O time point. Lenses were withdrawn at 24 and 72 h and evaluated for opacification by digital image analysis. Induction of the specific GST isozyme (γGST8-8 was studied in the lens epithelium by immunohistochemical studies. Results. Digital image analysis revealed amelioration in opacification induced by 4-HNE, when the lenses were precultured with BHT. Immunohistochemical studies show that BHT induced GST8-8 several folds in the epithelium. Conclusions. These studies indicate that pretreatment with BHT would increase the lens capacity to detoxify 4-HNE by conjugating it with GSH, thus assigning an important detoxication role to this specific GST isozyme in oxidative cataract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-754
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • 4-hydroxynonenal
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene
  • Cataract
  • Glutathione s-transferase
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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