Antibody localization in horse, rabbit, and goat antilymphocyte sera

Noboru Kashiwagi, David Sherer, Courtney M. Townsend, Roberta Jacobs, Keiji Ono, Brij Kapur, Thomas E. Starzl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The localization of antibodies was studied in rabbit, goat, and horse ALS raised by weekly immunization with canine or human spleen cells for 4 to 12 weeks. A combination of analytic techniques was used including column chromatography, electrophoresis, immunoelectrophoresis, determination of protein concentration, and measurement of antibody titers. In the rabbit and goat ALS, virtually all of the leukoagglutinins and lymphocytotoxins were in the easily separable IgG; accidentally induced thromboagglutinins were in the same location. In the rabbit hemagglutinins were found in both the IgG and IgM, whereas in the goat these were almost exclusively in the IgM. The antiwhite cell antibodies were most widely distributed in the horse. The cytotoxins were primarily in the IgG, but the leukoagglutinins were most heavily concentrated in the T-equine globulin which consists mostly of IgA. By differential ammonium sulfate precipitation of a horse antidoglymphocyte serum, fractions were prepared that were rich in IgG and IgA. Both were able to delay the rejection of canine renal homografts, the IgA-rich preparation to a somewhat greater degree. The findings in this study have been discussed in relation to the refining techniques that have been used for the production of globulin from heterologous ALS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-798
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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