Angiopoietin-2 causes inflammation in vivo by promoting vascular leakage

Fiorentina Roviezzo, Stelios Tsigkos, Anastasia Kotanidou, Mariarosaria Bucci, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Giuseppe Cirino, Andreas Papapetropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

168 Scopus citations


Angiopoietins (Angs) are endothelium-selective ligands that exert most of their actions through the Tie-2 receptor. It is widely accepted that Ang-1 promotes the structural integrity of blood vessels and exhibits anti-inflammatory properties. In contrast, the role of Ang-2 remains less clear because it has been shown to behave as a Tie-2 agonist or antagonist under different experimental conditions. To define the role of Ang-2 in acute inflammation, we studied the effects of recombinant Ang-2 administration in vivo. We show herein that Ang-2, but not Ang-1, induces edema formation in the mouse paw in a dose-dependent manner; the edema seems to be fast-peaking (maximum at 30 min) and resolves within 4 h. The effect of Ang-2 is blocked by the coadministration with a soluble form of the Tie-2 receptor or Ang-1. NO and prostaglandin E2 levels in mouse paw following the injection of Ang-2 remained unaltered, suggesting that the action of Ang-2 does not involve these mediators. In addition, Ang-2 exerted a weak stimulatory effect on leukocyte migration in the mouse paw. Similarly, Ang-2 injected into the mouse air pouch produced only a modest effect on cell extravasation that peaked at 30 min. However, when cell migration was elicited using zymosan, Ang-2 significantly inhibited leukocyte migration. We conclude that Ang-2 by itself stimulates the extravasation of cell-poor fluid, but in the presence of ongoing inflammation it reduces cellular infiltration in tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-744
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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