Angiogenesis induced by tumor necrosis factor-α is mediated by α4 integrins

Peter Vanderslice, Christy L. Munsch, Eugene Rachal, David Erichsen, Kay M. Sughrue, Ann N. Truong, James N. Wygant, Bradley W. McIntyre, Suzanne G. Eskin, Ronald G. Tilton, Peter J. Polverini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2 or bFGF) are potent stimulators of angiogenesis. TNF-α, but not FGF-2, can induce the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on the surface of endothelial cells. The soluble form of VCAM-1 has recently been demonstrated to function as an angiogenic mediator. Here we demonstrate that monoclonal antibodies directed against VCAM-1 or its α4 integrin counter-receptor inhibited TNF-α-induced endothelial cell migration in vitro. Angiogenesis induced in vivo in rat corneas by TNF-α was inhibited by a neutralizing antibody directed against the rat α4 integrin subunit. A peptide antagonist of the α4 integrins blocked TNF-α-induced endothelial cell migration in vitro and angiogenesis in rat corneas in vivo. No inhibition by the antibodies or peptide antagonist was observed either in vitro or in vivo when FGF-2 was used as the stimulus. The peptide antagonist did not inhibit TNF-α binding to its receptor nor did it block the function of αvβ3, an integrin previously implicated in TNF-α and FGF-2 mediated angiogenesis. These results demonstrate that angiogenic processes induced by TNF-α are mediated in part by α4 integrins possibly by a mechanism involving the induction of soluble VCAM-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-275
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research


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