Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: A review with surgical implications

Martin M. Mortazavi, R. Shane Tubbs, Sheryl Riech, Ketan Verma, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Anna Zurada, Brion Benninger, Marios Loukas, Aaron A. Cohen Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Emissary veins connect the extracranial venous system with the intracranial venous sinuses. These include, but are not limited to, the posterior condyloid, mastoid, occipital, and parietal emissary veins. A review of the literature for the anatomy, embryology, pathology, and surgery of the intracranial emissary veins was performed. Detailed descriptions of these venous structures are lacking in the literature, and, to the authors', knowledge, this is the first detailed review to discuss the anatomy, pathology, anomalies, and clinical effects of the cranial emissary veins. Our hope is that such data will be useful to the neurosurgeon during surgery in the vicinity of the emissary veins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1312-1318
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Anatomy
  • Cranial
  • Neurosurgery
  • Venous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: A review with surgical implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this