An analysis of race and demographic factors among motor vehicle fatalities

James Mayrose, Dietrich V.K. Jehle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, from 1982 through 1995 safety belts are estimated to have saved 74,769 lives. Even more lives could be saved and serious injuries avoided if there was increased seat belt use in the United States. Methods This study analyzed safety belt use among drivers and passengers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes from 1993 through 1995. Age, sex, race, safety belt use, and position in the vehicle were the demographic factors obtained from both the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Results Overall, safety belt use increased by an average of 1.3% per year for the entire study population. Forward logistic regression identified age, female gender, Caucasian race, and driver as significant predictors of safety belt use. Conclusion This study has identified younger males, African Americans, and passengers as high-risk populations for nonuse of safety belts among fatal motor vehicle crashes. These high-risk populations should be educated regarding the importance of safety belt use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-755
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Trauma
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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