Amyloid-β peptide and oligomers in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid of aged canines

Elizabeth Head, Viorela Pop, Floyd Sarsoza, Rakez Kayed, Tina L. Beckett, Christa M. Studzinski, Jennifer L. Tomic, Charles G. Glabe, M. Paul Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The study of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis requires the use of animal models that develop some amount of amyloid pathology in the brain. Aged canines (beagles) naturally accumulate human-type amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) and develop parallel declines in cognitive function. However, the type and quantity of biochemically extracted Aβ in brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), its link to aging, and similarity to human aging has not been examined systematically. Thirty beagles, aged 4.5-15.7 years, were studied. Aβ{40} and Aβ{42} were measured in CSF by ELISA, and from SDS and formic acid extracted prefrontal cortex. A sample of the contralateral hemisphere, used to assess immunohistochemical amyloid load, was used for comparison. In the brain, increases in Aβ{42} were detected at a younger age, prior to increases in Aβ{40}, and were correlated with an increased amyloid load. In the CSF, Aβ{42} decreased with age while Aβ{40} levels remained constant. The CSF Aβ{42/40} ratio was also a good predictor of the amount of Aβ in the brain. The amount of soluble oligomers in CSF was inversely related to brain extractable Aβ, whereas oligomers in the brain were correlated with SDS soluble Aβ{42}. These findings indicate that the Aβ in the brain of the aged canine exhibits patterns that mirror Aβ deposited in the human brain. These parallels support the idea that the aged canine is a useful intermediate between transgenic mice and humans for studying the development of amyloid pathology and is a potentially useful model for the refinement of therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-646
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2010


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • amyloid-β peptide
  • amyloid-β protein precursor
  • beagle
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • dog
  • oligomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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