Amino acid side‐chain populations in aqueous and saline solution: Bis‐penicillamine enkephalin

Paul E. Smith, B. Montgomery Pettitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The potentials of mean force (pmfs) for rotation around the X1 aromatic side‐chain dihedrals of the zwitterionic bis‐penicillamine enkephalin pentapeptide have been determined in both aqueous and saline solution. These side chains are known to be associated with the pharmacophore and their conformational populations are thought to be critical for activity. It is found that the association between chloride ions and the peptide in saline solution simulations has profound effects on the relative energies of the g, g+, and t conformations, and also the barriers between them. Using the pmfs we have also calculated the respective Boltzmann‐weighted 3Jαβ vicinal coupling constants. The agreement between the calculated and experimentally determined coupling constants is poor for the pmf in pure water, but substantially improved for the pmf determined in saline solution. Reasons for these differences appear to be related to the experimental conditions. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1623-1629
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Amino acid side‐chain populations in aqueous and saline solution: Bis‐penicillamine enkephalin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this