Allelic variation in the toll-like receptor adaptor protein Ticam2 contributes to SARS-coronavirus pathogenesis in mice

E. Gralinski, Vineet D. Menachery, Andrew P. Morgan, Allison L. Totura, Anne Beall, Jacob Kocher, Jessica Plante, D. Corinne Harrison-Shostak, Alexandra Schäfer, Fernando Pardo Manuel Villena, Martin T. Ferris, Ralph S. Baric

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Host genetic variation is known to contribute to differential pathogenesis following infection. Mouse models allow direct assessment of host genetic factors responsible for susceptibility to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Based on an assessment of early stage lines from the Collaborative Cross mouse multi-parent population, we identified two lines showing highly divergent susceptibilities to SARS-CoV: the resistant CC003/Unc and the susceptible CC053/Unc. We generated 264 F2 mice between these strains, and infected them with SARS-CoV. Weight loss, pulmonary hemorrhage, and viral load were all highly correlated disease phenotypes. We identified a quantitative trait locus of major effect on chromosome 18 (27.1-58.6 Mb) which affected weight loss, viral titer and hemorrhage. Additionally, each of these three phenotypes had distinct quantitative trait loci [Chr 9 (weight loss), Chrs 7 and 12 (virus titer), and Chr 15 (hemorrhage)]. We identified Ticam2, an adaptor protein in the TLR signaling pathways, as a candidate driving differential disease at the Chr 18 locus. Ticam22/2 mice were highly susceptible to SARS-CoV infection, exhibiting increased weight loss and more pulmonary hemorrhage than control mice. These results indicate a critical role for Ticam2 in SARS-CoV disease, and highlight the importance of host genetic variation in disease responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1653-1663
Number of pages11
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Collaborative Cross
  • F2
  • Host susceptibility genes
  • MPP
  • Multi-parent Advanced Generation Inter- Cross (MAGIC)
  • Multiparental populations
  • SARS-CoV
  • Ticam2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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