Aldose and aldehyde reductases in human tissues

Satish K. Srivastava, Naseem H. Ansari, Gregory A. Hair, Ballabh Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Immunochemical characterizations of aldose reductase and aldehyde reductases I and II, partially purified by DEAE-cellulose (DE-52) column chromatography from human tissues, were carried out by immunotitration, using antisera raised against the homogenous preparations of human and bovine lens aldose reductase and human placenta aldehyde reductase I and aldehyde reductase II. Anti-aldose reductase antiserum cross-reacted with aldehyde reductase I, anti-aldehyde reductase I antiserum cross-reacted with aldose reductase and anti-aldehyde reductase II antiserum precipitated aldehyde reductase II, but did not cross-react with aldose reductase or aldehyde reductase I from all the tissues examined. DE-52 elution profiles, substrate specificity and immunochemical characterization indicate that aldose reductase is present in human aorta, brain, erythrocyte and muscle; aldehyde reductase I is present in human kidney, liver and placenta; and aldehyde reductase II is present in human brain, erythrocyte, kidney, liver, lung and placenta. Monospecific anti-α and anti-β antisera were purified from placenta anti-aldehyde reductase I antiserum, using immunoaffinity techniques. Anti-α antiserum precipitated both aldehyde reductase I and aldose reductase, whereas anti-β antibodies cross-reacted with only aldehyde reductase I. Based on these studies, a three gene loci model is proposed to explain the genetic interrelationships among these enzymes. Aldose reductase is a monomer of α subunits, aldehyde reductase I is a dimer of α and β subunits and aldehyde reductase II is a monomer of δ subunits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-227
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 21 1984
Externally publishedYes


  • (Human)
  • Aldehyde reductase
  • Aldose reductase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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