Adherence to hysterosalpingogram appointments following hysteroscopic sterilization among low-income women

Ophra Leyser-Whalen, Abbey B. Berenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background The few studies on post-Essure hysterosalpingogram (HSG) adherence rates show inconsistent results. This study examined associations between sociodemographic variables not examined in prior studies and HSG adherence among low-income women. Study Design Medical records of 286 women who underwent sterilization between August 31, 2005, and September 30, 2011, were reviewed. chi-Square and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to determine variable associations with HSG adherence. Results The adherence rate for the first HSG was 85.0% (243/286). Variables associated with adherence were lower education level (p=.01), not working outside the home (p=.04), being married (p<.0001), lower gravidity (p=.03), fewer lifetime number of sexual partners (p<.0001), no sexually transmitted infection history (p<.01), Hispanic ethnicity (p<.0001), Spanish as a primary language (p<.0001) and living farther from the clinic (p<.01). Conclusions This study demonstrates that achieving high rates of adherence with the recommended HSG following Essure placement is feasible among low income populations. Furthermore, not speaking English or having to commute a far distance to the clinic do not appear to be barriers. This is encouraging considering the importance of this test to confirm tubal occlusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-699
Number of pages3
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Adherence rates
  • Hysterosalpingogram
  • Hysteroscopic sterilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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