A spectroscopic study of pigment gallstones in China

X. S. Zhou, G. R. Shen, J. G. Wu, W. H. Li, Y. Z. Xu, S. F. Weng, R. D. Soloway, X. B. Fu, W. Tian, Z. Xu, T. Shen, G. X. Xu, E. Wentrup-Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Spectroscopic studies of various types of gallstones carried out in China are reviewed. Three basic classes of gallstones are surveyed: cholesterol stones, brown pigment stones, and black pigment stones. The emphasis of this review is on brown gallstones. The primary spectroscopic methods used in the studies surveyed are Fourier transform infrared absorption and Fourier transform Raman scattering. Chemical components studied in gallstones include cholesterol, bile pigments, glycoproteins, proteins, bilirubin metal complexes, and salts of calcium and other metals. Further studies are needed characterize the relationship of these components to more complex features of gallstones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-380
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997


  • Bezoar
  • Brown pigment stone
  • FT-Raman
  • Far IR spectroscopy
  • Mid-IR spectroscopy
  • PAGE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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