A Prospective Comparative Study of Mobile Acoustic Uroflowmetry and Conventional Uroflowmetry

Dong Gi Lee, Jonathan Gerber, Vinaya Bhatia, Nicolette Janzen, Paul F. Austin, Chester J. Koh, Sang Hoon Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a mobile acoustic Uroflowmetry (UFM) application compared with standard UFM in the pediatric population. Methods: A mobile acoustic UFM application represents a noninvasive method to estimate the urine flow rate by recording voiding sounds with a smartphone. Male pediatric patients who were undergoing UFM testing were prospectively recruited, and the voiding sounds were recorded and analyzed. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to compare the maximum flow rate (Qmax), average flow rate (Qavg), voiding time (VT), and voiding volume (VV) as estimated by acoustic UFM with those calculated by standard UFM. Differences in Qmax, Qavg, VT, and VV between the 2 UFM tests were determined using 95% Bland-Altman limits of agreement. Results: A total of 16 male patients were evaluated. Their median age was 9 years. With standard UFM, the median Qmax, Qavg, VT, and VV were 18.7 mL/sec, 11.1 mL/sec, 15.2 seconds, and 157.8 mL, respectively. Strong correlations were observed between the 2 methods for Qmax (ICC = 0.755, P = 0.005), VT (ICC = 0.974, P < 0.001), and VV (ICC = 0.930, P < 0.001), but not for Qavg (ICC = 0.442, P = 0.135). The Bland-Altman plot showed good agreement between the 2 UFM tests. Flow patterns recorded by acoustic UFM and conventional UFM showed good visual correlations. Conclusions: Acoustic UFM was comparable to standard UFM for male pediatric patients. Further validation of its performance in different toilet settings is necessary for broader use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-363
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Neurourology Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Mobile applications
  • Software
  • Sound
  • Urodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Urology


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