A Narrative Review of the History of Burn-Related Depression and Stress Reactions

Shivan N. Chokshi, Carter M. Powell, Yulia Gavrilova, Steven E. Wolf, Deepak K. Ozhathil

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

While the roots of burn care date back several millennia, recognition and treatment of psychiatric trauma has had a more contemporary journey. Our understanding of burn care has evolved largely separately from our understanding of psychiatry; however, proper care of the burn patient relies on the comprehension of both disciplines. Historically, high burn mortality rates have caused clinicians to focus on the physiological causes of burn mortality. As burn care improved in the 20th century, providers began to focus on the long-term health outcomes of burn patients, including mitigating mental health consequences of trauma. This shift coincided with advances in our understanding of psychological sequelae of trauma. Subsequently, an association between burn trauma and mental illness began to emerge. The current standard of care is the result of thousands of years of evolving practices and theories, yet our understanding of the pathophysiology of depression among survivors of severe burn injury is far from complete. By taking measure of the past, we aim to provide context and evidence for our current standards and emphasize areas for future lines of research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1395
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • ASD
  • PTSD
  • burns
  • depressions
  • history
  • stress reaction
  • thermal injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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