A model for random sampling and estimation of relative protein abundance in shotgun proteomics

Hongbin Liu, Rovshan G. Sadygov, John R. Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1895 Scopus citations


Proteomic analysis of complex protein mixtures using proteolytic digestion and liquid chromatography in combination with tandem mass spectrometry is a standard approach in biological studies. Data-dependent acquisition is used to automatically acquire tandem mass spectra of peptides eluting into the mass spectrometer. In more complicated mixtures, for example, whole cell lysates, data-dependent acquisition incompletely samples among the peptide ions present rather than acquiring tandem mass spectra for all ions available. We analyzed the sampling process and developed a statistical model to accurately predict the level of sampling expected for mixtures of a specific complexity. The model also predicts how many analyses are required for saturated sampling of a complex protein mixture. For a yeast-soluble cell lysate 10 analyses are required to reach a 95% saturation level on protein identifications based on our model. The statistical model also suggests a relationship between the level of sampling observed for a protein and the relative abundance of the protein in the mixture. We demonstrate a linear dynamic range over 2 orders of magnitude by using the number of spectra (spectral sampling) acquired for each protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4193-4201
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'A model for random sampling and estimation of relative protein abundance in shotgun proteomics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this