3% NaCl and 7.5% NaCl/dextran 70 in the resuscitation of severely injured patients

J. W. Holcroft, M. J. Vassar, J. E. Turner, R. W. Derlet, G. C. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular resuscitation of the severely injured patient in the field reamins unsatisfactory because large volumes of intravenous fluid are needed to keep up with ongoing blood losses and because only small volumes of fluid can be given. In the first study reported here, small volumes (≤12 mL/kg) of 3% NaCl were given to patients who were having surgery for severe injuries. The 3% NaCl restored blood pressure, pH, and urine output with approximately one half of the cumulative fluid requirement of patients who received isotonic fluids (p < 0.05). In a second study, 7.5% NaCl/dextran 70, 250 mL, was given in a prospective, randomized, and double-blinded trial to injured patients in the field. Blood pressure in the hypertonic/hyperoncotic group increased 49 mmHg during transport (p<0.005); blood pressure in patients given lactated Ringer's solution increased 19 mmHg (NS). Survival favored the hypertonic/hyperoncotic group. The 7.5% of NaCl/dextran 70 solution appears particularly promising for treatment of injured patients in the field

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-288
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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